1. Topic Of Lesson Plan

Reviewing fractional terms and simplifying proper fractions. 


2. Lesson Content

Terms to review  numerator, denominator, proper fraction, improper
fraction, and mixed number (fraction).
New vocabulary  simplifying (reducing) to lowest terms. 


3. Goals And Expectations

1. Students will simplify proper fractions to simplest form using
the threestep method.
New Jersey Standards
4.1.4A. Grade 4.
5. Use concrete and pictorial models to relate commonly used fractions.
4.1.5A. Grade 5.
1. Use reallife experiences, physical materials, and technology to
construct meanings for numbers.
4.1.5A. Grade 5.
4. Use whole numbers, fractions, and decimals to represent equivalent
forms of the same number.



4. Objectives

1. The students will be able to define fractional terms when asked
with 100% accuracy.
2. The students will be able to simplify proper fractions to simplest
form using the threestep method with 100% accuracy. 


5. Materials and Aids

Computer
PowerPoint presentation
Handout  Fraction Terms
Concrete manipulatives  Beans (for one student) 


6. Methods Used and Procedures

A. Introduction
After the review of the fractional terms, the students will be introduced
to three "pizzas." The first pizza has eight slices with four slices
shaded in. The second pizza has four slices with two slices shaded
in. The third pizza has two slices with one slice shaded in. The question
asked will be, “There are three pizzas equal in size. The denominator
represents the total number of slices in the pie. The numerator, shaded
slices, is the number of slices you ate. Looking at the three pizzas,
which one did you eat the most pizza?” Some expected responses are
the first one because four slices are shaded in. But the answer is,
“An equal amount was eaten.” 


B. Development
The threestep method for reducing fractions.
1. The operation you always use is division.
2. You divide both the numerator and denominator by the same number.
3. That number has to go into both numbers evenly, and cannot have
a remainder. 


C. Practice
1. As a group we'll simplify 12/15 using the threestep method. 


D. Independent Practice
1. The students will individually simplify 10/12 using the threestep
method. 


E. Accommodations For Students
1. Two students with needs will be paired, one each, with a partner
who is an excelling math student.
2. One student who is a tactile learner will use concrete manipulatives
(beans) to simplify the fraction to simplest form. 


F. Checking for understanding
1. Go over the independent practice problem. 


G. Closure
1. Three questions on reviewing the threestep method when simplifying
proper fractions to wrap up lesson.



7. Evaluation

1. Monitor the students by circulating the room.
2. Question and answer feedback. 



